The law, which was signed by both the House and Senate on Monday, is expected to be signed by Gov. Greg Abbott, who sanctioned lawmakers for having finally "passed legislation to protect the integrity of Texas high school sports," according to The Dallas Morning News.
The White House condemned the bill, saying, "This hateful bill in Texas is just the latest example of Republican state lawmakers using legislation to target transgender kids — whom the president believes are some of the bravest Americans — in order to score political points," White House spokesman Ike Hajinazarian told The Dallas Morning News.
"These anti-transgender bills are nothing more than bullying disguised as legislation and undermine our nation's core values," he continued.
The administration "will keep fighting for the full measure of equality, dignity, and respect that all LGBTQI+ Americans deserve," Hajinazarian said, adding that "the White House will be engaging stakeholders in Texas and other states in the coming days and weeks to build a path forward together toward true LGBTQI+ equality."
When asked about whether the Biden administration would challenge the law in Texas, press secretary Jen Psaki passed the question to the Justice Department, but stated that "the president's view is that transgender rights are human rights, whether for adults or kids."
Once signed into law, the bill could conceivably conflict with a statement given by the Department of Education in June, ruling that Title IX protects students from discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
While the bill's advocates have contended that transgender athletes competing against girls put those female athletes at a disadvantage, LGBTQ advocates will likely challenge the bill.
Earlier this year, the Human Rights Campaign filed a lawsuit against Florida's similar law and said they would be filing similar lawsuits against Arkansas, Mississippi, and Tennessee.
Driftwood Representative Erin Zwiener, a founding member and secretary of the House LGBTQ Caucus, called the prohibition "a mean-spirited attack on vulnerable children" that turns them into "casualties in a culture war."
"There are no documented incidents in Texas of a transgender girl taking an athletic opportunity away from a cisgender girl, but the damage done to the mental health of our transgender students is well-documented," she said.
There are, nevertheless, instances of that in other parts of the US, such as in Connecticut or Hawaii. A biological male who classifies herself as transgender was recently named "sportswoman of the year" in New Zealand. CeCe Telfer, who competes on women's teams and is a gender non-conforming biological male, has also taken spots from women athletes.